For women over 40, trying to conceive can be an arduous road. Women’s fertility naturally declines with age, making pregnancy more of a challenge. Many women in their forties can conceive and have healthy infants with the proper planning, counselling, and support. This article discusses conceiving after 40: Navigating Your Fertility Journey and some factors that affect your fertility after that age.
Causes Of Low Fertility After Age 40
The most critical factor influencing fertility is age. Fertility declines with age, especially after age 35, as the quantity and quality of ova decline. Some more things that can affect fertility after 40 are as follows.
Levels Of Hormones
Fertility is affected by a woman’s changing hormone levels as she ages. For instance, menopause happens when a woman’s ovaries cease making eggs, which stops her monthly period. In particular, hormones that regulate the menstrual cycle are crucial to female reproduction.
Hormonal signals and regulation are essential for ovulation, the release of an egg into the fallopian tube, and the thickening of the uterine lining before implantation. Pregnancy can be challenging if any of the processes above are slowed or prevented due to a lack of or a varying level of one or more hormones.
Uterine fibroids are abnormal benign growths that can prevent a fertilised egg from implanting in the uterus, which can lead to infertility. Inflammation of the fallopian tube (salpingitis) can cause obstruction or damage to the tube. It may develop due to pelvic inflammatory illness, which an STD, endometriosis, or adhesions frequently bring on.
Infertility is a frequent side effect of cancer treatment, especially for reproductive malignancies. Radiation and chemotherapy are both potential causes of infertility. Menopause that begins before age 40 is called primary ovarian insufficiency.
While the precise reason why some women enter menopause at a younger age than others is generally unknown, factors such as immune system illnesses, genetic conditions like Turner syndrome or carriers of Fragile X syndrome, and radiation or chemotherapy treatment are often implicated.
How To Make It Through The Fertility Process
Understanding your reproductive journey is crucial if you are over 40 and attempting to conceive. Here are some suggestions:
- Consultation: Talk with expert fertility counsellors who can walk you through the donation process and assist you in setting up any necessary diagnostic tests. These tests are being performed to ensure that you are healthy and that there are no physical barriers to becoming pregnant with sperm insemination, such as scars or a blocked fallopian tube.
- Put an end to bad behaviours: To improve your chances of becoming pregnant while undergoing fertility therapy, giving up smoking, alcohol, and late-night snacking is a must.
- Take care of your weight: Pregnancy can be harmed by being overweight. A high body mass index also increases the risk of complications from the anaesthetic or sedation required for IVF.
- Modify Your Exercise Routine: Fertility is enhanced by regular exercise. Gentle exercises like yoga, walking, swimming, hiking, and bike riding are ideal for expecting mothers and those going through reproductive treatments.
- Take a prenatal vitamin daily: During attempts at conception, it is wise to enhance your nutrient intake. Which prenatal vitamins are best for you should be discussed with your doctor.
- Get some good rest: Cellular repair, stress management, and reproductive success are all aided by enough sleep. Plan on sleeping at least 7 hours to 9 hours every night.
- Maintain stress levels: The ability to conceive a healthy child may be diminished by stress. Reduce as much stress as possible while doing this. Try acupuncture, walking, journalling, and meditation to lessen your worry.
Many women find trying to conceive after the age of 40 to be a physically and emotionally taxing process. Various factors can impact the likelihood of achieving a healthy pregnancy. Planning, counselling, and support can help women in their forties achieve their reproductive goals and fulfil their dreams of motherhood.