Education Vocabulary

20+ Countries Name and Nationalities in English

We live in a huge world. There are 195 countries in the world, spread across seven continents. The United Nations, an organization founded after WWII to maintain international peace, has officially recognized 193 of them.

List of Country Names, Nationalities & Capital In English

Countries Name and Nationalities in English


  • Capital: New Delhi
  • Nationality: Indian

India is a country in southern Asia. It is the seventhlargest country by area, the secondmost populous country (with over 1.2 billion people), and the most populous democracy in the world. India is a federal constitutional republic governed under a parliamentary system and consists of 29 states and 7 union territories. A pluralistic, multilingual, and multiethnic society, it is also home to a diversity of wildlife in a variety of protected habitats. The name India is derived from Indus, which originates from the Old Persian word Hindu. The latter term stems from the Sanskrit word Sindhu, which was the historical local appellation for the Indus River.


  • Capital: Dhaka
  • Nationality: Bangladeshi

Bangladesh is a country located in South Asia. The country is bordered by India to the west, north, and east, and by Burma to the southeast. Bangladesh has a population of over 156 million people, making it the world‘s eighth most populous country. The capital and largest city are Dhaka. Bangladesh is a parliamentary democracy and a unitary state. The country‘s official religion is Islam, but Bangladesh is also home to a significant Hindu minority.


  • Capital: Beijing
  • Nationality: Chinese

China, officially the People‘s Republic of China is a country located in East Asia. With a population of over 1.4 billion, it is the most populous country in the world. Covering approximately 9.6 million square kilometers, it is the thirdlargest country by total area. The terrain of China is extremely diverse, with forest steppes and deserts in the north, and subtropical forests in the south. There are also several mountain ranges, including the Himalayas, which contain the highest point on Earth, Mount Everest.

Unites States

  • Capital: Wahington, D.C.
  • Nationality: American

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or simply America, is a country consisting of 50 states, a federal district, five major territories, and various possessions. With a 2019 estimated population of over 328 million, the U.S. is the third most populous country in the world. The citizens of the United States are known as Americans. The capital city is Washington, D.C., and the most populous city is New York City.


  • Capital: Paris
  • Nationality: French

France is a country located in Western Europe. It is bordered by the English Channel to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, the Mediterranean Sea to the south, and the land border with Spain to the southwest. France has a population of approximately 66 million people, making it the 21st most populous country in the world. The capital and largest city are Paris, while other major metropolitan areas include Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, and Lille.


  • Capital: Madrid
  • Nationality: Spanish

Spain is a beautiful country located in southwestern Europe. Spain is known for its stunning architecture, delicious food, and friendly people. Spain is also home to some of the best beaches in the world. If you‘re looking for a place to relax and enjoy the sun, Spain is the perfect destination.


  • Capital: Mexico City
  • Nationality: Mexican

Mexico is a federal republic in the southern portion of North America. It is bordered to the north by the United States; to the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; to the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and to the east by the Gulf of Mexico. It is the world‘s 11th most populous country and the most populous Spanishspeaking nation. It is a federation comprising 31 states and Mexico City, it’s capital and largest metropolis. Other major urban areas include Guadalajara, Monterrey, Puebla, Toluca, Tijuana and León.


  • Capital: Bangkok
  • Nationality: Thai

Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand, is a country in Southeast Asia. Located at the center of the Indochinese peninsula. Thailand is the world‘s 50thlargest country by land area. It is the 20th most populous country in Asia. Its capital and largest city are Bangkok, a special administrative area. 


  • Capital: Berlin
  • Nationality: German

Germany is a country located in Central and Western Europe. It covers an area of 357,021 square kilometers (137,847 square miles) and has a population of over 83 million. Germany is bordered by the North Sea and the Baltic Sea to the north, Denmark to the north and east, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, and France, Luxembourg, Belgium, and the Netherlands to the west. 

United Kingdom

  • Capital: London
  • Nationality: British

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign country located off the northwestern coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the northeastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands


  • Capital: Amsterdam
  • Nationality: Dutch

The Netherlands is a country located in northwestern Europe. It is a small country with a population of just over 17 million people. The Netherlands is known for its tulips, windmills, and canals. The capital city of the Netherlands is Amsterdam.


  • Capital: Warsaw
  • Nationality: Polish

Poland is a country located in Central Europe. It is bordered by Germany to the west, the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south, Ukraine and Belarus to the east, and Lithuania and the Kaliningrad Oblast of Russia to the northeast. Poland is the 34th most populous country in the world and the sixth most populous member state of the European Union. Poland has a temperate seasonal climate.


  • Capital: Ottawa
  • Nationality: Canadian

Canada is a North American country located just north of the United States. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometers (3.85 million square miles), making it the world‘s secondlargest country by total area. Its southern border with the United States, stretching some 8,891 kilometers (5,525 miles), is the longest binational land border in the world. 


  • Capital: Lisbon
  • Nationality: Portuguese

Portugal is a country located in southwestern Europe. It is the westernmost country of mainland Europe, being bordered to the west and south by the Atlantic Ocean and the north and east by Spain. Its territory also includes the Atlantic archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira, both autonomous regions with their regional governments.


  • Capital: Moscow
  • Nationality: Russian

Russia is a country located in Eastern Europe and Northern Asia. It is the largest country in the world, with an area of 17,098,242 square kilometers. Russia has a population of 144 million people, making it the ninth most populous country in the world.


  • Capital: Kuala Lumpur
  • Nationality: Malaysians

Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia. It consists of thirteen states and three federal territories, separated by the South China Sea into two regions, Peninsular Malaysia and East Malaysia. Peninsular Malaysia shares a land and maritime border with Thailand and maritime borders with Singapore, Vietnam, and Indonesia.


  • Capital: Athens
  • Nationality: Greek

Greece is a country in southern Europe. It has a population of about 10.7 million people. Athens is the capital and largest city. The official language is Greek. The currency is the euro. Greece is a member of the European Union. The country is made up of mountains, forests, and lots of coastline along the Mediterranean Sea.


  • Capital: Vienna
  • Nationality: Austrian

Austria, officially the Republic of Austria, is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It is bordered by the Czech Republic and Germany to the north, Hungary and Slovakia to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west. Although German is the country‘s official language, many Austrians communicate informally in a variety of Bavarian dialects.


  • Capital: Tokyo
  • Nationality: Japanese

Japan is an island country located in East Asia. It is bordered by the Sea of Japan to the west, and it extends from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south. The kanji that make up Japan‘s name meanssun origin“, and it is often called theLand of the Rising Sun“.


  • Capital: Ankara
  • Nationality: Turkish

Turkey is a country located in Western Asia and southeastern Europe. The country is bordered by eight countries: Greece and Bulgaria to the northwest; Georgia to the northeast; Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Iran to the east; Iraq and Kuwait to the southeast; and Syria and Lebanon to the southwest.


  • Capital: Rome
  • Nationality: Italian

Italy is a country located in southern Europe. It is home to the thirdlargest economy in the Eurozone and the eighthlargest in the world. The Italian economy is largely based on manufacturing, agriculture, and tourism. Italy is the world‘s secondlargest manufacturer and the seventhlargest exporter. Italy is also one of the world‘s leading wine producers and is known for its fashion and design industry.

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