Education Vocabulary

Countries That Start With The Letter H

3 countries Start with the Letter H.

Countries That Begins With H – List Of Countries In the World Starts From Letter H

Countries That Start With The Letter H


Haiti is a country located on the island of Hispaniola, in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean Sea. Haiti is east of Cuba and north of Jamaica. It occupies the western three-eighths of the island, which it shares with the Dominican Republic.

The region was originally inhabited by the Taíno people. Spain landed on the island on December 5, 1492, and claimed the island for Spain. The Taíno were forced to work on Spanish plantations.


In 1501, the Spanish founded the town of La Navidad on the north coast of what is now Haiti. In 1504, Christopher Columbus established the settlement of Santo Domingo de Guzmán on the southeastern coast of the island, which is now the Dominican Republic.

The French established their own colony, Saint-Domingue, on the western portion of the island in 1664. The French colony grew to be one of the most prosperous in the Caribbean. However, the colony was also home to a large number of African slaves, who were brought to the colony to work on the plantations.

In 1791, the slaves in Saint-Domingue rose up in a rebellion against their French masters. The rebellion was led by Toussaint L’Ouverture, a former slave. The rebels were successful in defeating the French forces and gaining control of the colony. In 1804, the colony declared its independence from France and renamed itself Haiti. Haiti has a long history of political instability and violence. In the 19th century, the country was plagued by a series of dictators. During the early 20th century, the United States occupied Haiti from 1915 to 1934.

In 1957, François “Papa Doc” Duvalier came to power and ruled Haiti with an iron fist until he died in 1971. His son, Jean-Claude “Baby Doc” Duvalier, then took over and ruled until he was overthrown in a popular uprising in 1986. Since then, Haiti has been plagued by a series of coups, military dictatorships, and violent political unrest.

In 2010, Haiti was struck by a massive earthquake that killed over 200,000 people and left over 1.5 million people homeless. The country is still struggling to recover from the disaster. Haiti is a poor country. Over 60% of the population lives in poverty. The country’s economy is heavily dependent on agriculture.

However, the majority of the population is unemployed. Haiti is also affected by crime and violence. In recent years, there has been an influx of Haitian refugees fleeing to the neighboring Dominican Republic to escape the violence and poverty in Haiti.


Honduras is a republic in Central America. The country is bordered to the west by Guatemala, to the southwest by El Salvador, to the southeast by Nicaragua, to the south by the Pacific Ocean at the Gulf of Fonseca, and to the north by the Caribbean Sea.

Honduras is the second-largest country in Central America (after Nicaragua) and is about the size of Tennessee. The terrain consists mostly of mountains, with narrow coastal plains and a large undeveloped interior.


The climate is tropical, with hot, humid weather year-round. The population of Honduras is about 8.3 million (2016 estimate), with a growth rate of 1.6%. The capital and largest city are Tegucigalpa, with a population of about 1.2 million. Other major cities include San Pedro Sula, La Ceiba, and Comayagua. The official language is Spanish, although English is also spoken.

The majority of the population is Roman Catholic, with a small Protestant minority. The economy of Honduras is based on agriculture, forestry, fishing, mining, manufacturing, and tourism. The country’s main exports are coffee, bananas, shrimp, gold, and lumber.

Its capital is Tegucigalpa, and it has a total area of about 43,433 square miles. The word “Honduras” means “depth” in the literal sense. Mountains and valleys in Honduras are notable for their varying temperatures. In comparison to the south, the north of the country is cooler and more humid. The nation is home to a wide range of plants and animals, including several rainforests, mangroves along the coast, and majestic savannas.


It has a long history, dating back to the Roman Empire, and was a key power in medieval and early modern Central Europe. The Principality of Hungary was formed in the 9th century, and after 1000 AD it became one of the most powerful medieval states in Central Europe. It fought successful wars against the Byzantine and Ottoman empires and was one of the leading powers of Central Europe for centuries.


Hungary was a monarchy for most of its history, with a brief period of republican rule in the 20th century. It is a member of the European Union, NATO, and the OECD. The country has a high human development index, and a high standard of living.

In 895, nomads with a well-coordinated army made up ancient Hungary. Hungary was subjugated by the Ottomans for more than 150 years. Great civilizations and reforms occurred during the 18th and early 19th centuries, particularly following the Napoleonic Wars. The first and second world wars had a bad effect on the nation. The Soviet Union ruled the country from 1945 to 1989.

As a free state, Hungary joined the EU in 2004. Hungary has a mountainous landscape with extensive valleys. The largest lake in Central Europe, Lake Balaton, is located in this nation, which has two major rivers: the Tisza and the Danube. Hungary has a little more than 9.9 million residents.

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