Abbreviations Education

Full Form Of Computer: Computer-Related Full Forms

The full form of a computer is a “Common Operating Machine Purposely Used for Technological and Educational Research.” The word “computer” comes from the Latin word “computerae,” which means “to compute.” A computer is an electronic machine that accepts data from the user, processes the data by performing calculations and operations on it, and generates the desired outcome or result.

Full Form of Computer and Related Full Forms, Abbreviations

Full Form Of Computer

Through integrated hardware and software components, a computer is made to run applications and offer a range of solutions. It functions with the aid of programs and uses a string of binary digits to represent decimal numbers.

Additionally, it has a memory for storing information, software, and processed data. Hardware refers to the physical parts of a computer, such as wires, transistors, circuits, and hard drives. Software, on the other hand, refers to data and programs.

According to popular belief, Charles Babbage’s Analytical Engine, which he developed in 1837, was the first computer. It used read-only memory made of punch cards. Another name for Charles Babbage is “the father of the computer.”

What types of computers are there?

The manner in which computers process information can be used to classify them. There are three primary types:

  1.  Digital Computer.
  2.  Analog Computer.
  3.  Hybrid Computer.

First-generation of computers

From 1946 through 1954, the first generation of computers existed. These computers made use of vacuum tubes, commonly known as electronic valves. Computers from the first generation were digital. The Mark I and the Electronic Numerical Integrator And Calculator are two examples of early computers (ENIAC).

Second-generation of computers

From 1955 through 1964, the second generation of computers was in use. At this time, ferrite cores served as the primary memory, transistors took the place of vacuum tubes, and magnetic discs served as the secondary memory. Additionally, advanced languages were introduced. The IBM 1620 and the CDC 3600 are two examples of second-generation computers.

Third-generation of computers

From 1964 through 1977, the third generation of computers used integrated circuit (IC) chips instead of transistors. The number of transistors, registers, and capacitors that can be contained on a single IC chip makes them more robust and dependable than earlier generations. The IBM-360 and VAX-750 are two examples of third-generation computers.

Fourth-generation of computer

In the fourth generation of computing, which ran from 1978 to 1990, VLSI (very large-scale integration) technology became more and more prevalent. This made it possible for integrated circuit chips to become substantially more sophisticated, with more than 1000 components implanted on a single chip. Personal computers were also invented during this age, with the IBM PC and Apple Macintosh taking the lead.

Fifth-generation of computer

ULSI chips fifth generation started in 1991 and is still in use today. ULSI chips in the fifth generation were huge and heavy. Ultra Large Scale Integration is the full name for this technology. New technologies like AI (Artificial Intelligence) and machine learning were introduced in the fifth generation.

Acronyms relating to computers

1RAMRandom Access Memory
2ROMRead Only Memory
3CPUCentral Processing Unit
4URLUniform Resource Locator
5USBUniversal Serial Bus
6VIRUSVital Information Resource Under Siege
7TCPTransmission Control Protocol
8UPSUninterruptible Power Supply
9SATASerial Advanced Technology Attachment
10PSUPower Supply Unit
11SMPSSwitched-Mode Power Supply
12CDCompact Disc
13DVDDigital Versatile Disc
14CRTCathode Ray Tube
15DECDigital Equipment Corporation
16SAPSystem Application and Products
17PNGPortable Network Graphics
18IPInternet Protocol
19GISGeographical Information system
20DDSDigital Data Storage
21CADComputer Aided Design
22ACPIAdvanced Configuration and Power Interface
23AGPAccelerated Graphics Port
24APMAdvanced Power Management
25APIPAAutomatic Private Internet Protocol Addressing
26HTTPHyper Text Transfer Protocol
27HTTPSHyper Text Transfer Protocol Secure
28GPUGraphics Processing Unit
29GDIGraphics Device Interface
30ICPInternet Cache Protocol
31GIGOGarbage In Garbage Out
32GMAILGraphical Mail
33CANCampus Area Network
34CALComputer Aided Leering
35GPLGeneral Public License
36GCRGroup Code Recording
37MSNMicrosoft Networks
38BCCBlind Carbon Copy
39VDIVirtual Desktop Infrastructure
40MPEGMoving Picture Experts Group
41TPUTensor Processing Unit
42PSDPhotoshop Document
43DPIDots Per Inch
44FYAFor Your Action
45CRSComputer Reservation System
46BFDBinary File Descriptor
47ABRAvailable Bit Rate
48GBPSGigabits Per Second
49PINGPacket InterNet Groper
50CSMACarrier Sense Multiple Access
51ADActive Directory
52ADCAnalog to Digital Converter
53BGPBorder Gateway Protocol
54CSICommon System Interface
55DHCPDynamic Host Configuration Protocol
56OSIOpen Systems Interconnection
57LANLocal Area Network
58WANWide Area Network
59MANMetropolitan Area Network
60PANPersonal Area Network
61MACMedia Access Control
62OMROptical Mark Recognition
63NICNetwork Interface Card
64LDAPLightweight Directory Access Protocol
65UARTUniversal Asynchronous Receiver-Transmitter
66DCEDistributed Computing Environment
67PFAPlease Find Attached
68HCIHuman Computer Interaction
69FHSFilesystem Hierarchy Standard
70FCSFrame Check Sequence
71DVEDigital Video Effects
72DLLData Link Layer
73CSVComma Separated Values
74CTCPClient–to–Client Protocol
75ABIApplication Binary Interface
76MISManagement Information System
77BIOSBasic Input Output System
78SMTPSimple Mail Transfer Protocol
79LTELong Term Evolution
80AHAAccelerated Hub Architecture
81ALUArithmetic Logical Unit
82FPUFloating Point Unit
83FXPFile Exchange Protocol
84HIDHuman Interface Device
85IOSiPhone Operating System
86PATAParallel Advanced Technology Attachment
87DDRDouble Data Rate
88DFSDistributed File System
89MIPSMillion Instructions Per Second
90MMCMicrosoft Management Console
91VGCTVideo Graphics Character Table
92WBMPWireless BitMap Image
93PCMPulse-Code Modulation
94WMAWindows Media Audio
95RASRemote Access Service
96HTMHierarchical Temporal Memory
97SISSecurity and Intelligence Services
98LBALogical Block Addressing
99CIDRClassless Inter-Domain Routing
100MIMOMultiple-Input Multiple Output
101PLCProgrammable Logic Controller
102SCSISmall Computer System Interface
103NVRAMNon-Volatile Random-Access Memory
104BLOBBinary large Object
105VPNVirtual Private Network
106SFFSmall Form Factor
107CAIComputer–Aided Instruction
108EMPElectro-Magnetic Pulse
109EIDEEnhanced Integrated Drive Electronics
110AACAdvanced Audio Codec
111IIOPInternet Inter-ORB Protocol
112ASLAge Sex Location
113MBSAMicrosoft Baseline Security Analyzer
114ZIPZig-zag In-line Package
115HSPAHigh Speed Packet Access
116VFSVirtual File System
117SIMDSingle Instruction Multiple Data
118IPCInter-Process Communication
119DACDiscretionary Access Control
120DKIMDomain Keys Identified Mail
121WIFIWireless Fidelity
122PTPPicture Transfer Protocol
123IGRPInterior Gateway Routing Protocol
124HIGHuman Interface Guidelines
125UNIVACUniversal Automatic Computer
126CIFSCommon Internet File System
127HALHardware Abstraction Layer
128IPV6Internet Protocol Version 6
129CNRCommunication Network Riser
130EISAExtended Industry Standard Architecture
131RPMRed-Hat Package Manager
132DLTDistributed Ledger Technology
133ISHInformation Super Highway
135DTSDigital Theater System
136MSBMost Significant Bit
137HVDHolographic Versatile Disk
138MOSFETMetal-Oxide Semiconductor Field Effect Transistor
139AMRAdaptive Multi-Rate
141BCDBinary Coded Decimal
142DMADirect Memory Access
144AVIAudio Video Interleave
145WLANWireless Local Area Network
146CAMComputer Aided Manufacturing
147RIFFResource Interchange File Format
148TFTPTrivial File Transfer Protocol
149WUSBWireless Universal Serial Bus.

Candidates who are preparing for competitive exams with computer requirements should read this entire essay. There will be many computer-related exam questions in both state and federal government-sponsored competitive exams.

In some situations, this subject will take up a sizable chunk of the exam. As a result, we counsel all students to not only go through our section on frequently asked questions but also to memorize the responses to the pertinent inquiries we have included there.

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Khushi Johri

I’m a Web Developer by profession, Content Writing is my leisure interest. I enjoy dancing, working out, and creating digital art. I'm a NeogCamp graduate and a computer science engineer. I've worked for numerous Startups and brands, and I've written many excellent articles and posted content online. I specialise in a variety of niches, including tech, entrepreneurship, travel, entertainment, fashion, food, lifestyle, and business.