Education Vocabulary

20+ Material Names in English with Pictures

Material is a substance that people find useful and for which money is paid. Materials are frequently used in the manufacture of parts, components, and products.

List Of Materials – Material Names In English With Pictures & Description

Material Names in English

They are also used in the construction of infrastructure, buildings, and landscapes. Materials can also be consumed in agricultural, manufacturing, and logistics processes. The below article will give you information about 20+ Material Names in English with pictures and descriptions.


Plastic refers to a class of synthetic or semi-synthetic organic polymers that are malleable and soft enough to be molded into any shape or form, but hard enough to be used in industrial products such as bottles, packaging materials, automobiles, toys, and so on.


Metal is a type of iron alloy with higher carbon and other element content, typically mixed with small amounts of other metals. Metal is a type of metal that is used in the manufacture of tools, weapons, and other objects. Iron, aluminum, titanium, copper, tin, nickel, silver, gold, steel, brass, and bronze are examples of metals and alloys.


Paper is a material that is made from cellulose fibers and is used for writing, printing, packaging, and many other purposes. Paper is thin and often has a smooth surface, making it ideal for printing. It is also easy to fold and cut, making it suitable for a variety of packaging applications.


Leather is a skin-tight material made from the hide of an animal. Leather is widely used in clothing, where it is used for shoes, bags, belts, jackets, and other items such as furniture. Upholstery, car interiors, furniture, and other household items such as mattresses or duvets can also be made from them.


Chemicals and their derivatives Fine chemicals, specialty chemicals, organic chemicals, inorganic chemicals, petrochemicals, and pharmaceuticals are examples.

Plastics, synthetic fibers, synthetic rubber, dyes, paints, coatings, fertilizers, pesticides, cosmetics, soaps, cleaning agents, and medicines are all common uses for chemicals. Chemicals are also used in mining, manufacturing, and farming.


Rubber is a natural or synthetic material that forms a resilient and waterproof membrane when stretched or expanded. It is found in a variety of products, including tires, balloons, and hoses.

Natural rubber: This is the most common type of rubber and is derived from latex, which is a milky sap found in some plants. It is elastic and durable, making it ideal for a variety of applications.

Synthetic rubber: This type of rubber is made from synthetic materials such as petroleum. It is less elastic than natural rubber but is more resistant to heat and chemicals.


A group of metals with various industrial applications. Cerium, dysprosium, erbium, europium, gadolinium, holmium, lanthanum, lutetium, neodymium, praseodymium, promethium, samarium, scandium, terbium, thulium, ytterbium, and yttrium are the 17 rare-earth elements. Despite their name, most rare-earth elements are abundant in the Earth’s crust, but concentrated deposits of rare-earth elements that are inexpensive to extract and refine are uncommon.


Concrete is a noun that refers to a solid, dry, and homogeneous material made up of mineral matter particles, most commonly sand or gravel. It has many applications in construction, but it is most commonly used to construct roads. It is built by combining Cement, Water, Gravel, Sand, and Curing Agents.

Composite Material

Combining materials with disparate properties to create materials that are strong, light, and/or inexpensive. Reinforced concrete made of steel and concrete, composite wood made of wood fiber and adhesives, reinforced plastic such as plastics reinforced with carbon fiber, and ceramic matrix composites made of ceramics and metal are some examples.


Aside from textiles, other fiber materials exist. Natural fibers, such as wood fiber, are frequently used in the production of other materials, such as paper and wood products. Metallic fibers, carbon fibers, fiberglass, and optical fibers are examples of synthetic fibers.

Natural Textiles

Natural materials that are flexible and are used in clothing, furniture, and a variety of other products. Cotton, wool, flax, silk, hemp, and cashmere are examples of natural textiles. Textiles are fibers that are woven into cloth after being formed into long threads.


The most common type of stone is limestone, which is made up of skeletal fragments known as fossils. Marble, dolomite, chalk, and travertine are also important types. Stone can also be used in construction, such as for walls, foundations, roads, and bridges in buildings or other structures.


A semiconductor is a material that is valuable because of its electrical properties. Semiconductor materials are neither conductors like gold nor insulators like glass, but rather fall somewhere in the middle. They are frequently made of silicon with controlled impurities added to change the material’s properties for different applications. Semiconductors are primarily used in electronics, such as computer processors and solar panels.


Ceramic materials are inorganic, nonmetallic materials that are typically made from oxides, nitrides, or other compounds of carbon and silicon. Common examples of ceramic materials include bricks, tiles, porcelain, and pottery. Ceramic materials have a wide range of properties that make them useful in a variety of applications. For example, they can be hard and strong like stone, or they can be soft and ductile like clay. Ceramic materials can also be electrically conductive, or they can be insulators.


Brick is a material that is typically made from clay or shale. It can also be made from fly ash, limestone, and other materials. Brick is often used as a building material, but it can also be used for paving, landscaping, and other purposes.


Cardboard is a broad term that refers to the material used to make boxes, packing materials, and other items. It is made of various materials such as paper, corrugated fiberboard, and plastic.


Chalk is typically created by combining chalk dust or colored chalk with water or glue. The length of the mark is determined by the color of the chalk, but some people use black chalk, which lasts longer than colored chalk.


Clay is a type of finegrained natural soil material that is composed of a variety of minerals. It forms when rocks weather and erode over time. The main component of clay is clay minerals, which are hydrous aluminum silicates. Clay is used in a variety of industries, including ceramics, paper, bricks, and modeling. It is also used in agriculture, as it can improve the structure of the soil. Some types of clay can be used to make cosmetics and medicine. Clay can be found all over the world and is mined in many countries.


It is also known as activated carbon. It is a black porous powder with a very large surface area. It is made from wood or other materials that have been treated with oxygen to open up the pores and make them more absorbent. Activated charcoal is used to treat poisoning and overdose, and is also used in water filters and air purifiers.


There are many different types of cloth materials, each with its own unique set of properties. The most common cloth materials are cotton, wool, polyester, and nylon. Each material has its benefits and drawbacks, so it is important to choose the right one for your needs.

Cotton is a natural fiber that is soft and absorbent. It is often used for clothing, towels, and bedding. However, cotton is also susceptible to wrinkles and shrinkage.

Wool is a durable fiber that is resistant to wrinkles and stains. It is often used for clothing, blankets, and carpets. However, wool can be itchy and uncomfortable to wear.

Polyester is a synthetic fiber that is strong and wrinkleresistant. It is often used for clothing, upholstery, and curtains. However, polyester can be uncomfortable to wear and is not as absorbent as natural fibers.

Nylon is a synthetic fiber that is strong and durable. It is often used for clothing, ropes, and webbing. However, nylon is not as absorbent as natural fibers and can be slippery.


Ice is a solid that forms on the surface of cold water or other liquids. It is a solid form of water that, under pressure, freezes into a crystalline structure. Ice is a solid form of water that, under pressure, freezes into a crystalline structure.


Water is a substance that is essential for all life on Earth. Without water, there would be no life. Water is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth‘s hydrosphere and the fluids of most living organisms. It is vital for all known forms of life, even though it provides no calories or organic nutrients. Its chemical formula is H2O, meaning that each of its molecules contains one oxygen and two hydrogen atoms that are connected by covalent bonds.

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Khushi Johri

I’m a Web Developer by profession, Content Writing is my leisure interest. I enjoy dancing, working out, and creating digital art. I'm a NeogCamp graduate and a computer science engineer. I've worked for numerous Startups and brands, and I've written many excellent articles and posted content online. I specialise in a variety of niches, including tech, entrepreneurship, travel, entertainment, fashion, food, lifestyle, and business.