There are 3 Countries that start with the Letter R.
Countries That Begins With R – List Of Countries In the World Starts From Letter R
Romania is a country located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe. It shares land borders with Bulgaria to the south, Ukraine to the north, Hungary to the west, Serbia to the southwest, and Moldova to the east and has its opening to the Black Sea. It has a predominantly temperate–continental climate.
With a total area of 238,397 square kilometers, Romania is the twelfth–largest country in Europe and the sixth–most populous member state of the European Union, having almost 20 million inhabitants. Its capital and largest city are Bucharest, and other major urban areas include Cluj–Napoca, Timișoara, Iași, Constanța, Craiova, Brașov, and Galați. Romania is a unitary semi–presidential republic and a member state of the European Union. Members of the Romanian parliament are called the Chamber of Deputies.
Romanian territory was inhabited as early as the Paleolithic. The Neolithic–Age Cucuteni area in northeastern Romania was the region‘s largest settlement at 3,500 BC, well before the arrival of the Thracians. After centuries of migration and settlement, the Romans conquered the territory in 106 AD. The Roman Empire later divided the area into several provinces, and Wallachia and Moldavia arose as principalities in the 14th century, in the aftermath of the Mongol invasion of Europe. They were vassal states of the Ottoman Empire from the 15th century
Russia is a country located in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi–presidential republic, comprising 83 federal subjects. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia, and North Korea.
It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the US state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. At 17,075,400 square kilometers (6,592,800 sq mi), Russia is the largest country in the world, covering more than one–eighth of the Earth‘s inhabited land area. Russia is also the world‘s ninth most populous nation with 143 million people as of 2012, excluding Crimea. Extending across the entirety of northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms.
Russia has the world‘s largest reserves of mineral and energy resources and is considered an energy superpower. It has the world‘s largest forest reserves and its lakes contain approximately one–quarter of the world‘s unfrozen fresh water. The nation‘s history began with that of the East Slavs, who emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century.
In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus‘ ultimately disintegrated into several smaller states; most of the Rus‘ lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities and achieved independence from the Golden Horde.
By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third-largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution of 1917, the Soviet Union was formed in 1922 and became the world‘s first constitutionally socialist state and a recognized superpower.
The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world‘s first human–made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space.
Rwanda is a landlocked country in Central Africa. It is bordered by Uganda to the north, Tanzania to the east, Burundi to the south, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west. Rwanda is in the African Great Lakes region and is highly elevated; its geography is dominated by mountains in the west, a savanna in the center, and dense vegetation in the east.
The climate is temperate to subtropical, with two rainy seasons and two dry seasons every year. The population is young and predominantly rural, with a density among the highest in Africa. Rwandans are drawn from just one cultural and linguistic group, the Banyarwanda, although within this group there are three subgroups: the Hutu, Tutsi, and Twa. The Twa are a pygmy people descended from Rwanda‘s earliest inhabitants.
Christianity is the largest religion in the country; the principal language is Kinyarwanda, spoken by most Rwandans, with English and French serving as official languages. Rwanda has a presidential system of government. The president is Paul Kagame of the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), who took office in 2000. Rwanda is one of the smallest countries in Africa, with an area of 26,338 square kilometers (10,169 square miles). Its capital city is Kigali, located in the center of the country.
Rwanda is one of the most densely populated countries in Africa, with a population of more than 12 million people. The country is ethnically diverse, with three main groups: the Hutu, Tutsi, and Twa. The Hutu, who make up the majority of the population, are farmers; the Tutsi, a minority, are herders; and the Twa are a pygmy people. Rwanda‘s economy is largely based on agriculture, with coffee and tea being the main export crops.
The country is also a major producer of tin and tungsten. Tourism is an important source of revenue, and the country is home to several national parks, including the Volcanoes National Park, which is home to the endangered mountain gorilla.