It may not be much fun to talk about, but life insurance is an essential part of adulthood. It helps to protect your loved ones after your death and offers several benefits.
From paying for funeral costs to covering taxes and expenses, life insurance can be a real help for the family members. But how do you determine how much you are paying?
We cut through the mystery to present you with everything you need to know about your life insurance.
What Is Life Insurance?
As the name suggests, life insurance is a type of insurance policy. It offers a lump sum for your loved ones after your death.
This sum can help cover mortgage payments as an income for an unemployed spouse or your children’s future. Payouts may also be used to cover the cost of a funeral, or for expenses or inheritance taxes which come with your estate.
Is Life Insurance Mandatory?
In some cases, such as taking out a mortgage for a new home purchase, a life insurance policy may be a prerequisite. Some high-risk jobs may also require a plan to be in place.
Even if you are not required to take out life insurance, however, it is still highly recommended. This asset can be vital and help to provide your family with peace of mind after your passing.
What Are The Benefits of Life Insurance?
A life insurance policy has a range of benefits, and these include.
1] Covering funeral costs
With the average funeral in the USA costing over $7000, death is expensive. A policy is a great way to protect your family from potential financial hardship. It also means that they can alleviate worry over a compassionate issue.
2] Protect your home
If you still have a mortgage at the time of your death, the money can cover the costs of repayments. Such security can help to protect your family.
3] Take care of dependents
Whether you have young children, an elderly parent, or a non-working spouse, you’ll likely want to provide for their future. The loss of your income could be hugely detrimental to your family. A life insurance payout can cover this cost, getting them back on their feet.
4] Plan for the future
Whether saving for college, a house deposit, or traveling the world, money offers options. Help to secure your children’s financial future by ensuring that they have the money to follow their dreams.
How Is Life Insurance Calculated?
Most people will contribute to their life insurance policy through regular premiums. These are calculated based on two underlying concepts: interest and mortality.
The ‘expense factor’ is another variable – this refers to an amount added by the insurance company. This extra charge helps to cover the cost of selling the insurance. It also includes investing the premiums paid by the customer and paying out in the event of a claim.
Interest earnings are one part of calculating your premiums. Companies will invest the money you pay each month – usually in stocks, bonds, mortgages, or real estate. There is an assumption that these investments will earn a specific rate of interest. This cost passes onto the premium you pay.
Morality tables are a significant part of any premium estimate and will be used across all insurance companies. These help to determine the amount of money a company will be required to pay for death claims in a year.
They can help to offer an accurate estimate. Overall, life insurance is ultimately based on splitting the risk of death by a large group of people. This split can be by gender or those in a certain age range.
A mortality table allows insurance providers to determine the average life expectancy for each age group. They will then use this information to categorize you.
The expense is a third variable added to the price of your policy by the insurance provider. They will estimate their external expenses.
This cost may include any legal fees, salaries of workers, agents’ compensation, and costs. Building rent and rates, postage, and day-to-day running costs may also be included.
‘Expense loading’ refers to the amount charged to each policy to cover the shares of expenses of operation. This fee varies from provider to provider and is often based on efficiency and operations.
There is also a range of additional factors that determine your life insurance premiums. These include.
1] Type of Policy
The kind of policy you choose can have a significant impact on how much you pay. There are three main options: term, whole, or universal.
A term policy is for a predetermined period of time, while a whole policy accumulates cash value. A universal option is flexible – you can build cash value while also adjusting the allocation between saving and insurance.
Some policies will be determined according to your biological sex, and this can be based on research and statistics. Certain conditions are more prevalent in men than women, which can end up costing you higher premiums.
3] Smoking history
Smokers will endure higher premiums than non-smokers. This expense is primarily due to the added risk to your health and increased chances of death.
4] Quality of your health
If you are generally fit and in good health, you are likely to enjoy far lower premiums. Your height and weight may also play a part in this, so staying in shape could save you cash!
5] Family health history
When taking out your policy, you will generally be asked about any hereditary conditions. You may also be asked about general health history in the family. If a parent died of cancer or heart disease or suffered from diabetes, you may face higher payments.
6] Hobbies and lifestyle
A penchant for danger will automatically see a rise in your payments. Spend your weekend’s skydiving or your holidays hanging out of airplanes? Expect to pay more for coverage! Those in a high-risk or dangerous job will also pay more.
7] International travel
If you undertake large amounts of international travel, whether for work or pleasure, you are likely to face higher premiums. This is due to the increased risks involved.
You can see a large number of factors play a role in determining the price and coverage levels of life insurance.
When deciding the policy that’s right for you, consult a local insurance agency you trust to answer all your questions. They’ll help you breathe easier knowing you’ve taken care of your family and assets in the tender time of your passing.