Business Technology

Top IT Risk Management Strategies

Every part of your personal and professional life involves some amount of risk. Risks are inevitable and can pose a huge threat to businesses and organizations. However, they should not deter growth. Because you cannot afford to take chances with your business, it is vital to have a good risk management plan.

IT Risk Management Strategies

Information technology (IT) is an integral part of any business. IT helps in the smooth running of business operations, projects, and more. There are several risks involved in IT, and the stakes can be very high. This is why it is vital to have an active IT risk management strategy.

Read on to understand the concept of IT risk management, the process, steps to take, and the best risk management practices.

What is IT Risk Management?

Like a regular risk management plan that identifies, assesses, and controls threats in an organizations capital, resources, and earnings, IT risk management uses the same principles but only applies it to IT and the risks involved in that capacity such as viruses, software, and hardware failures, spam, human error, natural disasters like storms, floods, or fires and other malicious attacks.

The IT risk management assesses business risks associated with ownership, use, operation, and adoption of IT. It involves the policies, procedures, and technology that you can use to reduce threats, vulnerabilities, and the consequences that may arise when you don’t protect your data.

IT Risk Management Steps

The IT risk management framework comprises several steps. These steps include.

Risk Identification

Though it can be impossible to account for all variables, your IT team should try to identify possible risks, know where they may come from, and when they are likely to be a threat. They should also figure out how the risks can affect the project and the outcome to expect.

Risk Analysis

Once your IT team can correctly identify all potential risks, the next step is to analyze the risks and judge their impact on the business. They should also know how the risk would manifest itself. Knowing how bad the risks are will help you have the right management strategy.

Risk Evaluation and Assessment

After knowing the likelihood of the risk occurring and the consequences if they occur, your IT team should study each risk more closely and decide how you or whether to proceed. They should also rank the threats from the highest to the lowest,

Risk Mitigation

Assess the highest-ranked risk and come up with a strategy for dealing with them with risk controls. These strategies include risk prevention procedures, contingency plans, and mitigation processes.

Risk Monitoring

Once you have a risk prevention or mitigation process in place, it is crucial to know how the management strategy is going and any new risks.

Report the Findings

Your IT should keep both internal and external shareholders in the loop through every step of the process. This will help ensure that the risk management strategy is successful. For example, if one of the threats is human errors, the shareholders should know what they are doing wrong and what they need to do to mitigate the risk.

What Are IT Risk Management Strategies?

There are four standard risk management strategies that you can choose from. Your choice will depend on the risks involved in your business and the overall situation. There is no one-size-fits-all strategy because every business is unique. These strategies include:

Risk Avoidance

If your organization or business projects several risks, you should direct substantial resources towards them. Remember, to run a successful business, you need to take calculated risks. If you choose to avoid risks, you may miss out on several growth opportunities.

Risk Reduction

This is all about having a mitigation strategy. This may mean changing some aspects of a plan, altering processes, or reducing the scope.

Risk Sharing

You can choose to spread the impact of the risk among other project members or departments in your organization. You can also share it with outside parties such as vendors or business partners.

Risk Retention

Here is where you choose to accept the risk, forge ahead with your plan, and hope for the best. With a good risk management strategy in place, the reward may be worth the risk.

IT Risk Management Best Practices

Every good IT risk management policy should have some best practices. These practices, when put into action, will increase the likelihood of success with less negative impact. To increase the effectiveness of your plan, you should:

  • Evaluate early and often.
  • Lead from the front.
  • Have clear communication channels.
  • Have strong policies.
  • Bring in the stakeholders.
  • Get sign-offs.

Adopt these practices and get everyone involved to ensure the success of the risk management practice you have put in place.


Risk management is not an afterthought. You should initiate it at the development stage of your project and continue to monitor the risks involved throughout.

A good IT risk management strategy will save your company from dealing with the consequences of data loss. Get everyone in your business involved in risk management and work together with your IT team to ensure you have a good strategy.

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About the author

Arpita Patel

Arpita Patel is an active tech and food blogger. She has Masters degree in computer science from Mumbai University. She has contributed a number of great and informative articles to the internet. Apart from blogging she loves music, movies, outdoor games, cycling and helping people.